The National Theatre, a multipurpose facility for plays and musicals, concerts, dance, screenwriting, exhibitions, and special events, was established in 1992 to lead the Theatre movement in Ghana. The National Theatre Movement (NTM) was created around the time of Ghana's independence in 1957 to help remold the new nation's cultural identity, however, theatre as an art form has been in Ghana for millennia in the traditional dramatic expressions of society.
The National Theatre Law of 1991, also known as PNDC Law 259, governs the theatre. The National Dance Company, National Theatre Players, and the National Symphony Orchestra's three resident companies are all housed in this structure.
The theatre is located close to the intersection of Liberia Road and Independence Avenue and has a building size of 11,896 square meters. The structure has unique outside elements and complex construction molding. The entire building has the appearance of a massive ship or a seagull spreading its wings when viewed from a distance. The Chinese constructed the theatre, which is located in Accra, Ghana's Victoriaborg neighborhood, as a present to Ghana.
National Dance Company:
- The Ghana Dance Ensemble is another name for the National Dance Company. As the first of its kind, the company was founded in 1962 at the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana. In 1962, Kwame Nkrumah supported it and Emeritus Professor J.H. Nketia took over as its director.
- Emeritus Professor Mawere Opoku served as the company's creative director when they relocated to the National Theatre in 1992. Since then, the company has had additional directors, including Stephany Ursula Yamoah (2018–present), Mr. Nii-Tete Yartey (2013–2018), and David Amoo (2006–2013).
The Drama Company:
- One of the National Theatre of Ghana's three resident performing ensembles is The Drama Company. It was founded as a Model Repertory Troupe in August 1983 to support investigation, learning, and experimentation at the University of Ghana, Legon. When it was finished in 1991, it then became the theater's permanent theatre.
- The concert party, a theatrical production that reached its zenith in the early 20th century, is a crowd-pleaser in the theatre. Despite having British roots, the concert party was modified by Ghanaian artists and rose to popularity as a theatre form in the 1950s and 1960s.
- The concert party has been treasured for its theatrical performances, which were frequently staged at the national theatre, in addition to being adapted into television series, photoplays, films, and cassettes. In reality, the Workers Brigades and Efua Sutherland first developed the concept of 'theatre-for-development' to highlight issues like family planning, AIDS, and environmental protection.