On Amman's Citadel Hill, the Jordan Archaeological Museum was founded in 1951. The location was chosen so that it would include the genuine remnants of the Roman, Byzantine, and Arab Citadel.
From the Paleolithic to the Islamic Era, artefacts from various archaeological sites throughout the nation are on display in the museum. The museum's displays contain artefacts from various historical eras made of pottery, glass, metal, plaster, and stone, as well as inscriptions, seals, and collections of gold jewellery and coins. Ain Ghazal's Status, which dates to around 6000 BC, is one of the museum's most significant artefacts.
Storage is located on the first floor, which also houses the show area, which consists of three exhibition halls. The ground floor is utilised for storage.
While the Jordan Museum currently houses several significant items that the Archaeological Museum once housed, the following standouts are still on display:
- The earliest large-scale human statues are those from Ain Ghazal, which date to between 8700 and 8500 years ago. Other early human statues include Neolithic plastered skulls from Jericho, a massive Iron Age anthropomorphic sarcophagus discovered in Amman, the Nabataean fish-goddess from the temple of Khirbet et-Tannur, and the Tyche of Amman, a white marble bust of
- A portion of the Dead Sea Scrolls, including the primary copper scroll, were originally kept at the historical centre. These scrolls are now on display in the recently opened Jordan Museum beside the Ain Ghazal statues, which are some of the oldest statues ever created by humankind.
- The Islamic art collection is on display in an exhibition hall in eleven showcases, which include pottery vessels from the Umayyad to the Mamluk periods; glazed vessels from the Mamluk to the Ottoman periods; steatite vessels from the Umayyad periods; coins of all types and periods; metalwork and pottery vessels from the Umayyad to Mamluk periods; carved stones from the Umayyad periods; and four plaster replicas of ancient sculptures (windows, lintel and a dome from the bath).
The task of maintaining the museum's whole collection is divided among three curators.